Just about a 15 minute drive away is the fascinating town of Cobh, County Cork. It was known in earlier times as Queenstown, then as Cove. The spelling was then changed to the Irish Cobh (‘bh’ in Irish sounds like ‘V’), so pronunciation remained unchanged. This seaport on the southern coast of Ireland features large in the history of our nation. Sitting on what is one of the world’s finest natural harbours, Cobh has witnessed the emigration of millions of Irish whether by transportation to penal colonies, or in search of a better life in the New World. It is a poignant place, where so many of our people last stood on their home soil. My uncle was one of these who left for America from here and the sight of Cobh as they pulled out to sea stayed with him as a sad and tearful memory for decades.
Stark figures indeed!
Cobh has also figured large in maritime history. Nearby is Haulbowline the base for the Irish Navy and Spike Island with its 18th century star-shaped fort and a former prison.
The beautiful cathedral church of the Diocese of Cloyne stands over the town.
Designed by Pugin and opened in 1879, St Colman’s is on the site of the old Bridwell. This beautiful building dominates everything around. The spire was added to the structure later and completed in 1915. The largest Carillon in Ireland and Britain comprising 49 bells is here and following restoration it is now considered one of the best in the world. Cast in Loughborough, England and weighing some 25 tons, the bronze bells were transported from Liverpool to Cobh by courtesy of the British Navy, as no civilian vessels could make such a delivery during World War 1. The bells are not rung with ropes but are played with a keyboard with pedals that move the clappers. I was here at 4 pm which is one of the times when the hour chimes are followed by a tune. It was quite an experience to hear them ring out over the harbour!
Cobh has very steep little lanes leading down to the water’s edge,with colourful houses and quite a nice assortment of buildings.
Way below the imposing spire at the water’s edge is a delightful park, known locally as The Prom. Restored and upgraded several times, it was constructed in 1805 and renamed Kennedy Memorial Park in the 1980s. I am not sure what connection JFK had with the town.
A fine amenity at the heart of the town
Pleasant views of activity in the harbour.
Another view of the park
a modern take on the risers of the steps
Bandstand used for concerts and extensively restored in a millenium project
Brendan the Navigator sculpture
Memorial to Robert Forde Antarctic explorer who served with Scott on the Terra Nova.
Cobh famously was the last port of call for the ill-fated Titanic on her maiden voyage. The old White Star Line offices now house the Titanic Experience Exhibition. It was from here that the 3rd Class passengers embarked, while the 1st and 2nd class passengers embarked from the jetty at the old railway station. Sadly the historic 3rd class pier has fallen into disrepair. (I have written posts on the TITANIC in the past, links to these are at the end of the post)
White Star Line Offices
Old railway station, now Cobh Heritage Centre
The 3rd Class pier
Another view of the derelict Titanic Pier
But Cobh is associated with another major maritime tragedy. On 7 May 1915, 101 years ago tomorrow, the Cunard liner RMS Lusitania sailing from New York to Liverpool was torpedoed by a German U Boat, off the County Cork coast with the loss of 1,198 lives. Although she sank within 18 minutes of being hit, 761 passengers survived. This incident is considered to be the catalyst for the entry of the USA into the war. In Cobh there is a fine monument commemorating the tragedy where many of the survivors and the dead came ashore. The monument in the main street is directly in front of the building which was used as a morgue for the dead in 1915.
The monument to those who died and those who saved them or buried them
detail from the monument
Another view of what is now the library which was a morgue to receive the dead
In the Kennedy Memorial Park there is a wall in remembrance of the survivors of the disaster.
Remembering the survivors brought ashore
Poignant reading here…a small child of just 2 1/2 survived
A wall of names
194 of the Lusitania victims rest in three mass graves and 24 individual plots at the local cemetery. The mass graves contain 23 bodies, 52 bodies and 69 bodies respectively, with names of those buried there carved on 3 glass memorials.
These sad memorials are in the very historic graveyard that bears witness to a number of tragedies at sea, with many sailors resting here. It is worthy of a visit to experience some of the history and to marvel at some of the stonemasons craft.
The Republican Plot
The oldest headstone
A person of importance
Another mass burial
Many CWGC graves here
Back in the town, one of the most famous sculptures is dedicated to Annie Moore and her brothers who sailed from Cobh to join their parents in New York. Annie was the first person to pass through Ellis Island.
Cobh is a town that has so much to offer that it would take a number of visits to cover it all. I am fortunate that it is almost in my backyard, so I will be there on a regular basis, to explore its beauty and other aspects of the fascinating history of the place.
Previous posts on the Titanic
A Mayo village devastated by the Titanic disaster.
April 11 1912. Titanic sails from Queenstown.
April 13 1912 Titanic sails in calm waters
April 14 1912. Iceberg Ahead! Goodbye all!